Management of the stiff shoulder is a common and frequently daunting clinical scenario. Arthroscopic capsular release is usually an option for management of severe, chronic glenohumeral joint contractures when conservative treatment fails. Technical hurdles including a thickened capsule, reduction in joint volume, and difficulty with positioning the shoulder intraoperatively can make this procedure challenging. In addition, incomplete release and recalcitrant stiffness are frequent issues. We believe a complete release of the capsule entails special attention to the axillary pouch and requires identification and protection of the axillary nerve. We present a technique for a complete arthroscopic circumferential capsulotomy and detail our approach to safely dissect and protect the axillary nerve under arthroscopic visualization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine