MASD part 2: Incontinence-associated dermatitis and intertriginous dermatitis: A consensus

Joyce M. Black, Mikel Gray, Donna Z. Bliss, Karen L. Kennedy-Evans, Susan Logan, Mona M. Baharestani, Janice C. Colwell, Margaret Goldberg, Catherine R. Ratliff

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations


A consensus panel was convened to review current knowledge of moisture-associated skin damage (MASD) and to provide recommendations for prevention and management. This article provides a summary of the discussion and the recommendations in regards to 2 types of MASD: incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) and intertriginous dermatitis (ITD). A focused history and physical assessment are essential for diagnosing IAD or ITD and distinguishing these forms of skin damage from other types of skin damage. Panel members recommend cleansing, moisturizing, and applying a skin protectant to skin affected by IAD and to the perineal skin of persons with urinary or fecal incontinence deemed at risk for IAD. Prevention and treatment of ITD includes measures to ensure that skin folds are dry and free from friction; however, panel members do not recommend use of bed linens, paper towels, or dressings for separating skin folds. Individuals with ITD are at risk for fungal and bacterial infections and these infections should be treated appropriately; for example, candidal infections should be treated with antifungal therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-370
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medical–Surgical
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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