Maximal dynamic grip force and wrist torque: The effects of gender, exertion direction, angular velocity, and wrist angle

Jonathan L. Morse, Myung Chul Jung, Gregory R. Bashford, M. Susan Hallbeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of gender, exertion direction, angular velocity and wrist angle on simultaneous grip force and wrist torque under the isokinetic condition. The study used 20 participants (10 males and 10 females) and included 6 angular velocities (15, 30, 45, 60, 75, and 90°/s) and 2 wrist exertion directions (flexion and extension) over the wrist range of motion of 70° flexion to 60° extension in 5° increments. Similar to other studies, males and flexion exertion produced larger forces than females and extension exertion, respectively. However, the largest forces were generated at near extreme flexion of the wrist and the dependent variable of angular velocity was not practically significant. These results can contribute to the evaluation of cumulative trauma syndromes, but there is a need for more research on the dynamic measures of the hand and wrist complex and for standard development for dynamic force measurement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-742
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Ergonomics
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

Keywords

  • Angular velocity
  • Exertion direction
  • Gender
  • Grip force
  • Maximal dynamic force
  • Wrist angle
  • Wrist torque

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

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