Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) was measured in 25 patients, aged 2 weeks to 20 years (mean 8.6 years), using a portable nonimaging scintillation stethoscope. Technically satisfactory studies were obtained in 23 patients. LVEF was validated by cineangiography in 19 patients and by standard gated blood pool scintigraphy in 4. EF measured by the nuclear stethoscope correlated well with values obtained by cineangiography or scintigraphy (r = 0.869, p < 0.001) over a wide range of EF values (18 to 79%). In children younger than 5 years (n = 11), the correlation (r = 0.728, p < 0.02) was less satisfactory than in those older than 5 years (r = 0.926; p < 0.001). Although modifications in the instrument and further clinical trials with the stethoscope are needed before the device becomes clinically useful to pediatric cardiologists, our data indicate that the nuclear stethoscope can provide reliable assessment of LVEF in pediatric patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine