Measurement of the neutron F 2 structure function via spectator tagging with CLAS

N. Baillie, S. Tkachenko, J. Zhang, P. Bosted, S. Bültmann, M. E. Christy, H. Fenker, K. A. Griffioen, C. E. Keppel, S. E. Kuhn, W. Melnitchouk, V. Tvaskis, K. P. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, M. Aghasyan, M. J. Amaryan, M. Anghinolfi, J. Arrington, H. Avakian, H. BaghdasaryanM. Battaglieri, A. S. Biselli, D. Branford, W. J. Briscoe, W. K. Brooks, V. D. Burkert, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, S. Chandavar, G. Charles, P. L. Cole, M. Contalbrigo, V. Crede, A. D'Angelo, A. Daniel, N. Dashyan, R. De Vita, E. De Sanctis, A. Deur, B. Dey, C. Djalali, G. Dodge, J. Domingo, D. Doughty, R. Dupre, D. Dutta, R. Ent, H. Egiyan, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, L. Elouadrhiri, P. Eugenio, G. Fedotov, S. Fegan, A. Fradi, M. Y. Gabrielyan, N. Gevorgyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, K. L. Giovanetti, F. X. Girod, W. Gohn, E. Golovatch, R. W. Gothe, L. Graham, B. Guegan, M. Guidal, N. Guler, L. Guo, K. Hafidi, D. Heddle, K. Hicks, M. Holtrop, E. Hungerford, C. E. Hyde, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, M. Ispiryan, E. L. Isupov, S. S. Jawalkar, H. S. Jo, N. Kalantarians, M. Khandaker, P. Khetarpal, A. Kim, W. Kim, P. M. King, A. Klein, F. J. Klein, A. Klimenko, V. Kubarovsky, S. V. Kuleshov, N. D. Kvaltine, K. Livingston, H. Y. Lu, I. J.D. MacGregor, Y. Mao, N. Markov, B. McKinnon, T. Mineeva, B. Morrison, H. Moutarde, E. Munevar, P. Nadel-Turonski, A. Ni, S. Niccolai, I. Niculescu, G. Niculescu, M. Osipenko, A. I. Ostrovidov, L. Pappalardo, K. Park, S. Park, E. Pasyuk, S. Anefalos Pereira, S. Pisano, S. Pozdniakov, J. W. Price, S. Procureur, Y. Prok, D. Protopopescu, B. A. Raue, G. Ricco, D. Rimal, M. Ripani, G. Rosner, P. Rossi, F. Sabatié, M. S. Saini, C. Salgado, D. Schott, R. A. Schumacher, E. Seder, Y. G. Sharabian, D. I. Sober, D. Sokhan, S. Stepanyan, S. S. Stepanyan, P. Stoler, S. Strauch, M. Taiuti, W. Tang, M. Ungaro, M. F. Vineyard, E. Voutier, D. P. Watts, L. B. Weinstein, D. P. Weygand, M. H. Wood, L. Zana, B. Zhao

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30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on the first measurement of the F 2 structure function of the neutron from the semi-inclusive scattering of electrons from deuterium, with low-momentum protons detected in the backward hemisphere. Restricting the momentum of the spectator protons to 100MeV/c and their angles to 100° relative to the momentum transfer allows an interpretation of the process in terms of scattering from nearly on-shell neutrons. The F2n data collected cover the nucleon-resonance and deep-inelastic regions over a wide range of Bjorken x for 0.65<Q2<4.52GeV2, with uncertainties from nuclear corrections estimated to be less than a few percent. These measurements provide the first determination of the neutron to proton structure function ratio F2n/F2p at 0.2x0.8 with little uncertainty due to nuclear effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number142001
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume108
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 6 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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