Measuring resilience in two generations: Psychometric properties of available instruments

Marlene Z. Cohen, Kevin A. Kupzyk, Lyn M. Holley, Rabbi Mendel Katzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: This study examines measures of resilience to identify the best available measure for future research to assess efficacy of a low-cost intervention that enhances resilience of older adults and youth (i.e., intergenerational transfer of ethnic culture). Methods: Scanning the literature produced no obvious choice; 3 measures showed promise: the Wagnild-Young Resilience Scale, Windle-Markland-Woods Psychological Resilience Scale, and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC); 200 ethnicityalike older adults and 192 youths completed all three scales. Results: Factor analyses interpreted in consultation with a panel of community advisers showed no measure was statistically robust. The CD-RISC had acceptable reliability and a conceptually interpretable structure. Conclusions: Results suggest the CD-RISC, supplemented by qualitative input, provides a way forward for research on efficacy of intergenerational interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)332-352
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of nursing measurement
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2017


  • Culture
  • Ethnicity
  • Intergenerational
  • Measurement
  • Resilience
  • Structural equation models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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