Mechanically evoked perioral reflexes in premature and term human infants

Steven M. Barlow, Anna Dusick, Donald S. Finan, Shirley Coltart, Amitava Biswas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neurophysiological assessment of the preterm human neonatal oromotor system has been limited due to their fragile medical state, and methodological limitations. A new, noninvasive technology known as the actifier was developed and used to evoke perioral motor unit activity during non-nutritive suck in preterm infants. A significant ontologic trend for the early component of the perioral reflex (R1) was discovered in the context of spontaneous, centrally-patterned oromotor behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-254
Number of pages4
JournalBrain Research
Volume899
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 27 2001

Keywords

  • Electromyography
  • Mechanical stimulation
  • Non-nutritive suck
  • Orbicularis oris
  • Premature infant
  • Sensorimotor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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