Mediation analysis

David P. MacKinnon, Amanda J. Fairchild, Matthew S. Fritz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4571 Scopus citations


Mediating variables are prominent in psychological theory and research. A mediating variable transmits the effect of an independent variable on a dependent variable. Differences between mediating variables and confounders, moderators, and covariates are outlined. Statistical methods to assess mediation and modern comprehensive approaches are described. Future directions for mediation analysis are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnnual Review of Psychology
EditorsSusan Fiske, Alan Kazdin, Daniel Schacter
Number of pages22
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameAnnual Review of Psychology
ISSN (Print)0066-4308


  • Indirect effect
  • Intervening variable
  • Mediator
  • Third variable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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