Mediation of a middle school skin cancer prevention program

Kim D. Reynolds, David B. Buller, Amy L. Yaroch, Julie A. Maloy, Gary R. Cutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


This study tested potential mediators of a school-based skin cancer prevention intervention for middle school children (6th-8th grades; N = 1,788). Ten variables were tested on 4 criteria to establish mediation, including (a) intervention related to outcome, (b) intervention related to mediators, (c) mediators related to outcome, and (d) mediated effect statistically significant. Sun-safe behaviors (e.g., sunscreen use) and potential mediators were measured with a self-report questionnaire. All criteria were met for Barriers - Sunscreen, Perceived Self-Efficacy, and Knowledge when the mediators were tested separately. In multiple mediator analyses, barriers to sunscreen use and self-efficacy satisfied Criteria 1-3 but were not statistically significant (Criterion 4). Barriers to sunscreen use, perceived self-efficacy for sun-safe behavior, and knowledge may serve as mediators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616-625
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Mediation
  • Prevention
  • Skin cancer
  • Sun safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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