Meningitis in Children: Still a Can’t-Miss Diagnosis

Gwenn Skar, Lillian Flannigan, Rebecca Latch, Jessica Snowden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although vaccination and antimicrobial treatment have significantly impacted the frequency and outcomes of meningitis in children, meningitis remains a critical can’t-miss diagnosis for children, where early recognition and appropriate treatment can improve survival and neurologic outcomes. Signs and symptoms may be nonspecific, particularly in infants, and require a high index of suspicion to recognize potential meningitis and obtain the cerebrospinal fluid studies necessary for diagnosis. Understanding the pathogens associated with each age group and specific risk factors informs optimal empirical antimicrobial therapy. Early treatment and developmental support can significantly improve the survival rates and lifelong neurodevelopment of children with central nervous system infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-315
Number of pages11
JournalPediatrics in review
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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