Mesenchymal stem cell-laden, personalized 3D scaffolds with controlled structure and fiber alignment promote diabetic wound healing

Shixuan Chen, Hongjun Wang, Yajuan Su, Johnson V. John, Alec McCarthy, Shannon L. Wong, Jingwei Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The management of diabetic wounds remains a major therapeutic challenge in clinics. Herein, we report a personalized treatment using 3D scaffolds consisting of radially or vertically aligned nanofibers in combination with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). The 3D scaffolds have customizable sizes, depths, and shapes, enabling them to fit a variety of type 2 diabetic wounds. In addition, the 3D scaffolds are shape-recoverable in atmosphere and water following compression. The BMSCs-laden 3D scaffolds are capable of enhancing the formation of granulation tissue, promoting angiogenesis, and facilitating collagen deposition. Further, such scaffolds inhibit the formation of M1-type macrophages and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α and promote the formation of M2-type macrophages and the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10. Taken together, BMSCs-laden, 3D nanofiber scaffolds with controlled structure and alignment hold great promise for the treatment of diabetic wounds. Statement of Significance: In this study, we developed 3D radially and vertically aligned nanofiber scaffolds to transplant bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). We personalized 3D scaffolds that could completely match the size, depth, and shape of diabetic wounds. Moreover, both the radially and vertically aligned nanofiber scaffolds could completely recover their shape and maintain structural integrity after repeated loads with compressive stresses. Furthermore, the BMSCs-laden 3D scaffolds are able to promote granulation tissue formation, angiogenesis, and collagen deposition, and switch the immune responses to the pro-regenerative direction. These 3D scaffolds consisting of radially or vertically aligned nanofibers in combination with BMSCs offer a robust, customizable platform potentially for a significant improvement of managing diabetic wounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-167
Number of pages15
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume108
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • 3D scaffolds
  • BMSCs
  • Diabetic wound
  • Electrospun nanofibers
  • Shape recoverable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

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