Mesoscale surface equivalent temperature (T E) for East Central USA

Keri Younger, Rezaul Mahmood, Gregory Goodrich, Roger A. Pielke, Joshua Durkee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The purpose of this research is to investigate near surface mesoscale equivalent temperatures (TE) in Kentucky (located in east central USA) and potential land cover influences. TE is a measure of the moist enthalpy composed of the dry bulb temperature, T, and absolute humidity. Kentucky presents a unique opportunity to perform a study of this kind because of the observational infrastructure provided by the Kentucky Mesonet ( This network maintains 69 research-grade, in-situ weather and climate observing stations across the Commonwealth. Equivalent temperatures were calculated utilizing high-quality observations from 33 of these stations. In addition, the Kentucky Mesonet offers higher spatial and temporal resolution than previous research on this topic. As expected, the differences (TE − T) were greatest in the summer (smallest in the winter), with an average of 35 °C (5 °C). In general, the differences were found to be the largest in the western climate division. This is attributed to agricultural land use and poorly drained land. These differences are smaller during periods of drought, signifying less influence of moisture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
JournalTheoretical and Applied Climatology
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Apr 12 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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