Metallomics in pulmonary arterial hypertension patients

Karim El-Kersh, C. Danielle Hopkins, Xiaoyong Wu, Shesh N. Rai, Matthew C. Cave, M. Ryan Smith, Young Mi Go, Dean P. Jones, Lu Cai, Jiapeng Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) prevalence is increasing worldwide, and the prognosis is poor with 5-year survival < 50% in high risk patients. The relationship between metal exposure/essential metal dyshomeostasis and PAH/right ventricular dysfunction is less investigated. The aim of this study is to investigate vegetable consumptions and metal levels between PAH patients and controls. This was a prospective, single center pilot study. Questionnaires were completed by all study subjects (20 PAH patients and 10 healthy controls) on smoking, metal exposure risks, metal supplements, and vegetable consumptions. Blood and urine samples were collected to measure 25 metal levels in blood, plasma, and urine using an X Series II quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Statistical analysis was conducted using SAS 9.5 and results with p value < 0.05 were considered significant. Vegetables consumptions (broccoli risk ratio [RR] = 0.4, CI = (0.2, 0.9)], cabbage [RR = 0.2, CI = (0.1, 0.8)], and brussel sprouts [RR = 0.2, CI = (0.1, 0.5)]) are associated with less risks of PAH. In the plasma samples, silver (p < 0.001), and copper (p = 0.002) levels were significantly higher in PAH patients. There was significant positive correlation between cardiac output and cardiac index with plasma levels of silver (r = 0.665, p = 0.001 and r = 0.678 p = 0.001), respectively. There was significant correlation between mixed venous saturation, 6-min walk distance, and last BNP with plasma levels of chromium (r = −0.520, p = 0.022; r = −0.55, p = 0.014; r = 0.463, p = 0.039), respectively. In conclusion, there are significant differences between PAH and control groups in terms of vegetable consumptions and metal concentrations. Silver and chromium levels are correlated with clinical indicators of PAH severities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12202
JournalPulmonary Circulation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • chromium
  • copper
  • metal
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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