Middle school girls’ envisioned future in computing

Michelle Friend

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Experience is necessary but not sufficient to cause girls to envision a future career in computing. This study investigated the experiences and attitudes of girls who had taken three years of mandatory computer science classes in an all-girls setting in middle school, measured at the end of eighth grade. The one third of participants who were open to computing career were compared to the two thirds were not. Girls open to a computing career had higher interest and confidence in computing, had more social support for computing, and saw themselves as more like a computer scientist than girls who did not want a computing career.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-173
Number of pages22
JournalComputer Science Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • careers
  • gender
  • identity
  • interest
  • middle school

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Education


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