Mimosine arrests cells in G1 by enhancing the levels of p27(Kip1)

Gang Wang, Robin Miskimins, W. Keith Miskimins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

The plant amino acid mimosine, an effective inhibitor of DNA replication, has been demonstrated to arrest cell cycle progression in late G1. To understand further the molecular mechanism by which mimosine affects the cell cycle, we treated quiescent cells with serum in the presence of 800 μM mimosine. The cells did not enter S phase and were completely arrested in G1 phase. Although neither the mitogenic induction of the G1 cyclins nor the protein levels of cdk2 or cdk4 were affected, serum-dependent activation of cdk2 was blocked. This corresponded to elevated levels of the cdk inhibitor p27(Kip1). This was not mediated through inhibition of degradation but rather involved increased synthesis of both p27(Kip1) mRNA and protein. Mimosine did not appear to affect mitogen-dependent signals that normally lead to p27(Kip1) downregulation since the inhibitor was induced to even greater levels in quiescent, unstimulated cells. In the presence of mimosine, actinomycin D treatment for 2 h prevented the increase of p27(Kip1) mRNA, but p27(Kip1) protein levels were still enhanced under these conditions. We propose that mimosine blocks the cell cycle in late G1 phase by upregulation of p27(Kip1) protein levels through transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulatory mechanisms. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-71
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume254
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2000

Keywords

  • Cyclin D
  • Cyclin E
  • Mimosine
  • cdk2
  • p27(Kip1)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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