Miniaturized Needle Array-Mediated Drug Delivery Accelerates Wound Healing

Mohamadmahdi Samandari, Fariba Aghabaglou, Kristo Nuutila, Hossein Derakhshandeh, Yuteng Zhang, Yori Endo, Seth Harris, Lindsay Barnum, Craig Kreikemeier-Bower, Elmira Arab-Tehrany, Nicholas A. Peppas, Indranil Sinha, Ali Tamayol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


A major impediment preventing normal wound healing is insufficient vascularization, which causes hypoxia, poor metabolic support, and dysregulated physiological responses to injury. To combat this, the delivery of angiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), has been shown to provide modest improvement in wound healing. Here, the importance of specialty delivery systems is explored in controlling wound bed drug distribution and consequently improving healing rate and quality. Two intradermal drug delivery systems, miniaturized needle arrays (MNAs) and liquid jet injectors (LJIs), are evaluated to compare effective VEGF delivery into the wound bed. The administered drug's penetration depth and distribution in tissue are significantly different between the two technologies. These systems' capability for efficient drug delivery is first confirmed in vitro and then assessed in vivo. While topical administration of VEGF shows limited effectiveness, intradermal delivery of VEGF in a diabetic murine model accelerates wound healing. To evaluate the translational feasibility of the strategy, the benefits of VEGF delivery using MNAs are assessed in a porcine model. The results demonstrate enhanced angiogenesis, reduced wound contraction, and increased regeneration. These findings show the importance of both therapeutics and delivery strategy in wound healing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2001800
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 21 2021


  • VEGF
  • intradermal drug delivery
  • miniaturized needle arrays
  • wound contraction
  • wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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