Minimal access to male fertility prices online: An analysis of the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) clinics

Ryan G. Larsen, Cole S. Bowdino, Melissa A. Mathes, Stephanie L. Gustin, Christopher M. Deibert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Though insurance coverage is evolving for male infertility services, most patients continue to pay out of pocket. These costs such as semen analysis and intracytoplasmic sperm injection preparation may affect the utilization of those services. We sought to determine online price transparency specifically for male infertility services on the websites of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) clinics in the US. Methods: In this cross-sectional analysis, pricing data was acquired from each clinic on the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) website as of July 2019. Each website was examined for availability and cost of services. Pricing data that required applying for a quote or a phone call was excluded. Mean price was calculated for each service. Additionally, practice location in an insurance coverage mandated state (ICMS) was also analyzed to evaluate for any effect on price transparency. Results: Only 24.7% (89/361) of SART clinic websites included any pricing information. Of clinics with websites (361/383), 16.3% (59/361) had ≥2 prices reported and only 5.0% (18/361) had ≥6 prices reported. Only 3.6% (13/361) reported prices for male-related infertility services. Average semen analysis price was $161 of 10 reporting clinics. Four clinics reported sperm cryopreservation or annual sperm storage price, $388 and $555, respectively. Sperm retrieval cost $244 at the two reporting clinics. ICMS did not affect male price transparency, ICMS 3.1% (6/194) vs. non-ICMS 4.2% (7/167) (P=0.576). Conclusions: Price transparency of SART clinics on websites is relatively poor with only about one-quarter of clinics providing any cost information at all. Male infertility related pricing information is even more rarely reported compared to other IVF services potentially causing a stronger barrier for males to pursue infertility treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2107-2112
Number of pages6
JournalTranslational Andrology and Urology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • In-vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Male factor
  • Price

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Urology


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