Minimally invasive surgery for achalasia: A 10-year experience

Constantine T. Frantzides, Ronald E. Moore, Mark A. Carlson, Atul K. Madan, John G. Zografakis, Ali Keshavarzian, Claire Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Minimally invasive esophagomyotomy for achalasia has become the preferred surgical treatment; the employment of a concomitant fundoplication with the myotomy is controversial. Here we report a retrospective analysis of 53 patients with achalasia treated with laparoscopic Heller myotomy; fundoplication was used in all patients except one, and 48 of the fundoplications were complete (floppy Nissen). There were no deaths or reoperations, and minor complications occurred in three patients. Good-to-excellent long-term results were obtained in 92% of the subjects (median follow-up 3 years). Two cases (4%) of persistent postoperative dysphagia were documented, one of which was treated with dilatation. Postoperative reflux occurred in five patients, four of whom did not receive a complete fundoplication; these patients were well controlled with medical therapy. We suggest that esophageal achalasia may be successfully treated with laparoscopic Heller myotomy and floppy Nissen fundoplication with an acceptable rate of postoperative dysphagia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-23
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004


  • Achalasia
  • Dysphagia
  • Esophagomyotomy
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Minimally invasive surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology


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