1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Of the four primary subgroups of medulloblastoma, the most frequent cytogenetic abnormality, i17q, distinguishes Groups 3 and 4 which carry the highest mortality; haploinsufficiency of 17p13.3 is a marker for particularly poor prognosis. At the terminal end of this locus lies miR-1253, a brain-enriched microRNA that regulates bone morphogenic proteins during cerebellar development. We hypothesized miR-1253 confers novel tumor-suppressive properties in medulloblastoma. Using two different cohorts of medulloblastoma samples, we first studied the expression and methylation profiles of miR-1253. We then explored the anti-tumorigenic properties of miR-1253, in parallel with a biochemical analysis of apoptosis and proliferation, and isolated oncogenic targets using high-throughput screening. Deregulation of miR-1253 expression was noted, both in medulloblastoma clinical samples and cell lines, by epigenetic silencing via hypermethylation; specific de-methylation of miR-1253 not only resulted in rapid recovery of expression but also a sharp decline in tumor cell proliferation and target gene expression. Expression restoration also led to a reduction in tumor cell virulence, concomitant with activation of apoptotic pathways, cell cycle arrest and reduction of markers of proliferation. We identified two oncogenic targets of miR-1253, CDK6 and CD276, whose silencing replicated the negative trophic effects of miR-1253. These data reveal novel tumor-suppressive properties for miR-1253, i.e., (i) loss of expression via epigenetic silencing; (ii) negative trophic effects on tumor aggressiveness; and (iii) downregulation of oncogenic targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)732-745
Number of pages14
JournalBrain Pathology
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • CD276
  • CDK6
  • chromosome 17p13.3
  • group 3 medulloblastoma
  • miR-1253

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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