Miro1 deficiency in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Fan Zhang, Wenzhang Wang, Sandra L. Siedlak, Yingchao Liu, Jun Liu, Keji Jiang, George Perry, Xiongwei Zhu, Xinglong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Proper transportation of mitochondria to sites with high energy demands is critical for neuronal function and survival. Impaired mitochondrial movement has been repeatedly reported in motor neurons of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and indicated as an important mechanism contributing to motor neuron degeneration in ALS. Miro1, a RhoGTPase also referred to as Rhot1, is a key regulator of mitochondrial movement linking mitochondria and motor proteins. In this study, we investigated whether the expression of Miro1 was altered in ALS patients and ALS animal models. Immunoblot analysis revealed that Miro1 was significantly reduced in the spinal cord tissue of ALS patients. Consistently, the decreased expression of Miro1 was also noted only in the spinal cord, and not in the brain tissue of transgenic mice expressing ALS-associated SOD1 G93A or TDP-43 M337V. Glutamate excitotoxicity is one of the major pathophysiological mechanisms implicated in the pathogenesis of ALS, and we found that excessive glutamate challenge lead to significant reduction of Miro1 expression in spinal cord motor neurons both in vitro and in mice. Taken together, these findings show Miro1 deficiency in ALS patients and ALS animal models and suggest glutamate excitotoxicity as a likely cause of Miro1 deficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100
JournalFrontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Volume7
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Glutamate excitotoxicity
  • Miro1
  • Mitochondrial transport
  • Neurodegeneration
  • SOD1
  • TDP-43

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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