Mixed methods research designs in counseling psychology

William E. Hanson, Vicki L. Plano Clark, Kelly S. Petska, John W. Creswell, J. David Creswell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

638 Scopus citations


With the increased popularity of qualitative research, researchers in counseling psychology are expanding their methodologies to include mixed methods designs. These designs involve the collection, analysis, and integration of quantitative and qualitative data in a single or multiphase study. This article presents an overview of mixed methods research designs. It defines mixed methods research, discusses its origins and philosophical basis, advances steps and procedures used in these designs, and identifies 6 different types of designs. Important design features are illustrated using studies published in the counseling literature. Finally, the article ends with recommendations for designing, implementing, and reporting mixed methods studies in the literature and for discussing their viability and continued usefulness in the field of counseling psychology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-235
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of counseling psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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