MMG and EMG Responses during 25 Maximal, Eccentric, Isokinetic Muscle Actions

Sharon R. Perry-Rana, Terry J. Housh, Glen O. Johnson, Anthony J. Bull, Joel T. Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the patterns of the mechanomyographic (MMG) and electromyographic (EMG) amplitude responses of the vastus lateralis (VL), rectus femoris (RF), and vastus medialis (VM) during 25 maximal, eccentric, isokinetic muscle actions. Methods: Seven healthy adult females (22.1 ± 2.4 yr) completed 25 maximal, eccentric muscle actions on a calibrated Cybex 6000 isokinetic dynamometer. EMG and MMG signals were obtained from the VL, RF, and VM during this test, and polynomial regression models were used to examine the relationships for normalized torque, EMG amplitude, and MMG amplitude versus repetition number. Results: There was a cubic relationship (P < 0.05) between torque and repetition number. EMG amplitude demonstrated a positive linear relationship (P < 0.05) for the VL, a quadratic relationship (P < 0.05) for the RF, and no relationship (P > 0.05) for the VM over the 25 repetitions. MMG amplitude demonstrated a negative linear relationship (P < 0.05) for both the VL and VM, and a cubic relationship (P < 0.05) for the RF over the 25 repetitions. Conclusion: The results of the present study demonstrated differences between the VL, RF, and VM muscles for the patterns of EMG and MMG responses across the 25 maximal, eccentric muscle actions. These findings suggested that there are muscle-specific motor control strategies during repeated eccentric, isokinetic muscle actions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2048-2054
Number of pages7
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2003


  • Electromyography
  • Fatigue
  • Mechanomyography
  • Motor control strategies
  • Torque

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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