Modular wireless wheeled in vivo surgical robots

Stephen R. Piatt, Jeff A. Hawks, Mark E. Rentschler, Lee Redden, Shane Farritor, Dmitry Oleynikov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Minimally invasive abdominal surgery (laparoscopy) results in superior patient outcomes as measured by less painful recovery and an earlier return to functional health compared to conventional open surgery. However, the difficulty of manipulating traditional laparoscopic tools from outside the patient's body generally limits these benefits to patients undergoing procedures with relatively low complexity. The use of miniature in vivo robots that fit entirely inside the peritoneal cavity represents a novel approach to laparoscopic surgery. Our previous work has demonstrated that mobile and fixedbased in vivo robots can successfully operate within the abdominal cavity and provide surgical vision and task assistance. All of these robots used tethers for power and data transmission. This paper describes recent work focused on developing a modular wireless mobile platform that can be used for in vivo sensing and manipulation applications. The robot base can accommodate a variety of payloads. Details of the designs and results of ex vivo and in vivo tests of robots with biopsy grasper and physiological sensor payloads are presented. These types of self-contained surgical devices are much more transportable and much lower in cost than current robotic surgical assistants. These attributes could ultimately allow such devices to be carried and deployed by non-medical personnel at the site of an injury. A remotely located surgeon could then use these robots to provide critical first response medical intervention irrespective of the location of the patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2008 Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008
Pages727-736
Number of pages10
EditionPART A
StatePublished - 2009
Event2008 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008 - New York City, NY, United States
Duration: Aug 3 2008Aug 6 2008

Publication series

Name2008 Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008
NumberPART A
Volume2

Conference

Conference2008 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008
CountryUnited States
CityNew York City, NY
Period8/3/088/6/08

Keywords

  • In vivo
  • Laparoscopy
  • Mobile
  • Modular
  • Sensors
  • Surgical robots
  • Wireless

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Piatt, S. R., Hawks, J. A., Rentschler, M. E., Redden, L., Farritor, S., & Oleynikov, D. (2009). Modular wireless wheeled in vivo surgical robots. In 2008 Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008 (PART A ed., pp. 727-736). (2008 Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008; Vol. 2, No. PART A).