Modulation of IL-1β gene expression in the rat CNS during sleep deprivation

Miroslaw Mackiewicz, Patricia J. Sollars, Malcolm D. Ogilvie, Allan I. Pack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


We hypothesize that sleep homeostasis involves, at least in part, the immune system modulator interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, IL-1β mRNA levels in the rat CNS were evaluated after a period of sleep deprivation. In addition, IL-1β gene expression was analyzed before the projected onset of activity and rest phase in free-running animals. No changes in IL-1β mRNA were observed in the circadian cycle, but 24 h of sleep deprivation resulted in a 2-fold increase in the level of IL-1β mRNA in the hypothalamus and in the brain stem compared with controls (p < 0.0002 and p < 0.0001 respectively). The alteration in IL-1β mRNA levels following sleep deprivation supports the hypothesis that modulation of IL-1β gene expression is involved in the sleep homeostatic process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-533
Number of pages5
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • gene expression
  • interleukin-1β
  • sleep deprivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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