Molecular-assisted breeding for soybean with high oleic/low linolenic acid and elevated vitamin E in the seed oil

Katherine Hagely, Anji Reddy Konda, Jeong Hwa Kim, Edgar B. Cahoon, Kristin Bilyeu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The uses of vegetable oils are determined by functional properties arising from their chemical composition. Soybean oil was previously used in margarines and baked foods after partial hydrogenation to achieve heat and oxidative stability. This process, however, generates trans fats that are now excluded from food use because of cardiovascular health risks. Also present in soybean oil are the anti-oxidant tocopherols, with α-tocopherol (vitamin E) typically present as a minor component compared to γ-tocopherol. Genetic improvement of the fatty acid profile and tocopherol profile is an attractive solution to increase the functional and health qualities of soybean oil. The objective of this research was to develop resources to directly select with molecular markers for the elevated vitamin E trait in soybean oil and to use a molecular breeding approach to combine elevated vitamin E with the high oleic/low linolenic acid seed oil trait that improves oil functionality and nutrition. New soybean germplasm was developed from the molecular breeding strategy that selected for alleles of six targeted genes. Seed oil from the novel soybean germplasm was confirmed to contain increased vitamin E α-tocopherol along with a high oleic acid/low linolenic acid profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3
JournalMolecular Breeding
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Nutrition
  • Oilseed
  • Seed composition
  • Soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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