Monoclinic optical constants, birefringence, and dichroism of slanted titanium nanocolumns determined by generalized ellipsometry

Daniel Schmidt, Benjamin Booso, Tino Hofmann, Eva Schubert, Andrew Sarangan, Mathias Schubert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Generalized spectroscopic ellipsometry determines the principal monoclinic optical constants of thin films consisting of slanted titanium nanocolumns deposited by glancing angle deposition under 85° incidence and tilted from the surface normal by 47°. Form birefringence measured for wavelengths from 500 to 1000 nm renders the Ti nanocolumns monoclinic absorbing crystals with c -axis along the nanocolumns, b -axis parallel to the film interface, and 67.5° monoclinic angle between the a - and c -axes. The columnar thin film reveals anomalous optical dispersion, extreme birefringence, strong dichroism, and differs completely from bulk titanium. Characteristic bulk interband transitions are absent in the spectral range investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number011914
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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