Purpose To compare 2.0 mg ranibizumab (RBZ) injections with 0.5 mg RBZ for eyes with center-involved diabetic macular edema (DME) and a central subfield thickness (CFT) of ≥250 μm on time-domain optical coherence tomography.Design Randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical trial.MethodsEligible eyes were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to 0.5 mg (n=77) or 2.0 mg (n=75) RBZ. Study eyes received 6-monthly injections.Main outcome measuresThe primary outcome measure was the mean change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at month 6. Secondary outcomes included the incidence and severity of systemic and ocular adverse events and the mean change in CFT from baseline.ResultsIn all, 152 eyes (152 patients) were randomized in the study. At month 6, the mean improvement from baseline BCVA was +9.43 letters in the 0.5 mg RBZ group and +7.01 letters in the 2.0 mg RBZ group (P=0.161). At month 6, one death occurred in the 0.5 mg RBZ group and three deaths in the 2.0 mg RBZ group, all due to myocardial infarction in subjects with a prior history of heart disease. Mean CFT was reduced by 168.58 μm in the 0.5 mg RBZ group and by 159.70 μm in the 2.0 mg RBZ group (P=0.708).ConclusionsThere was no statistically significant difference in the mean number of letters gained between the 0.5 and 2.0 mg RBZ groups through month 6. In this DME study population, high-dose RBZ does not appear to provide additional benefit over 0.5 mg RBZ.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems