Objective: The objective was to: (a) describe the changes over time in motivational factors of weight loss and (b) to examine predictors of weight loss in rural adults enrolled in a weight loss program. Design and Sample: A longitudinal study was conducted in a convenience sample of 50 adults recruited from a rural Young Men's Christian Association. Measures: Questionnaires were completed at baseline (preprogram), 1, 2 and 3 months (end of program). Results: Mean age was 42.4 (SD ± 11.8); 84% were female and mean BMI was 32.9 (SD ± 4.3). Individuals lost an average of 12.1 pounds. Barriers to healthy eating decreased significantly over time (p < .001). Significant predictors of weight loss included gender (β = .501, p < .001), and the amount of change between baseline and 3 months in controlled regulation (β = .270, p < .05), barriers to healthy eating (β = -0.225, p < .05), and physical activity (β = .238, p < .05) explaining 45% of the variance (F[(8, 41] = 5.92, p < .001) in weight loss. Conclusions: Rural adults were more likely to lose weight if they had higher levels of controlled regulation, if barriers were reduced, and if physical activity levels increased during the 3-month weight loss program.
- Rural adults
- Weight loss
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health