Movement-related beta and gamma oscillations indicate parallels and disparities between Alzheimer's disease and HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder

Chloe E. Meehan, Mikki Schantell, Seth D. Springer, Alex I. Wiesman, Sara L. Wolfson, Jennifer O'Neill, Daniel L. Murman, Sara H. Bares, Pamela E. May, Craig M. Johnson, Tony W. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

People with HIV (PWH) often develop HIV-related neurological impairments known as HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND), but cognitive dysfunction in older PWH may also be due to age-related disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Discerning these two conditions is challenging since the specific neural characteristics are not well understood and limited studies have probed HAND and AD spectrum (ADS) directly. We examined the neural dynamics underlying motor processing during cognitive interference using magnetoencephalography (MEG) in 22 biomarker-confirmed patients on the ADS, 22 older participants diagnosed with HAND, and 30 healthy aging controls. MEG data were transformed into the time-frequency domain to examine movement-related oscillatory activity and the impact of cognitive interference on distinct stages of motor programming. Both cognitively impaired groups (ADS/HAND) performed significantly worse on the task (e.g., less accurate and slower reaction time) and exhibited reductions in frontal and cerebellar beta and parietal gamma activity relative to controls. Disease-specific aberrations were also detected such that those with HAND exhibited weaker gamma interference effects than those on the ADS in frontoparietal and motor areas. Additionally, temporally distinct beta interference effects were identified, with ADS participants exhibiting stronger beta interference activity in the temporal cortex during motor planning, along with weaker beta interference oscillations dispersed across frontoparietal and cerebellar cortices during movement execution relative to those with HAND. These results indicate both overlapping and distinct neurophysiological aberrations in those with ADS disorders or HAND in key motor and top-down cognitive processing regions during cognitive interference and provide new evidence for distinct neuropathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106283
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume186
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023

Keywords

  • Cognitive interference
  • MEG
  • Magnetoencephalography
  • Top-down
  • neuroHIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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