Muc16 depletion diminishes KRAS-induced tumorigenesis and metastasis by altering tumor microenvironment factors in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Saravanakumar Marimuthu, Sanjib Chaudhary, Parthasarathy Seshacharyulu, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Sakthivel Muniyan, Ramakanth Chirravuri-Venkata, Pranita Atri, Sanchita Rauth, Rama Krishna Nimmakayala, Jawed Akhtar Siddiqui, Shailendra K. Gautam, Ashu Shah, Gopalakrishnan Natarajan, Seema Parte, Namita Bhyravbhatla, Kavita Mallya, Dhanya Haridas, Geoffrey A. Talmon, Lynette M. SmithSushil Kumar, Apar Kishor Ganti, Maneesh Jain, Moorthy P. Ponnusamy, Surinder K. Batra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

MUC16, membrane-bound mucin, plays an oncogenic role in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, the pathological role of MUC16 in the PDAC progression, tumor microenvironment, and metastasis in cooperation with KrasG12D and Trp53R172H mutations remains unknown. Deletion of Muc16 with activating mutations KrasG12D/+ and Trp53R172H/+ in mice significantly decreased progression and prolonged overall survival in KrasG12D/+; Trp53R172H/+; Pdx-1-Cre; Muc16−/− (KPCM) and KrasG12D/+; Pdx-1-Cre; Muc16−/− (KCM), as compared to KrasG12D/+; Trp53R172H/+; Pdx-1-Cre (KPC) and KrasG12D/+; Pdx-1-Cre (KC) mice, respectively. Muc16 knockout pancreatic tumor (KPCM) displays decreased tumor microenvironment factors and significantly reduced incidence of liver and lung metastasis compared to KPC. Furthermore, in silico data analysis showed a positive correlation of MUC16 with activated stroma and metastasis-associated genes. KPCM mouse syngeneic cells had significantly lower metastatic and endothelial cell binding abilities than KPC cells. Similarly, KPCM organoids significantly decreased the growth rate compared to KPC organoids. Interestingly, RNA-seq data revealed that the cytoskeletal proteins Actg2, Myh11, and Pdlim3 were downregulated in KPCM tumors. Further knockdown of these genes showed reduced metastatic potential. Overall, our results demonstrate that Muc16 alters the tumor microenvironment factors during pancreatic cancer progression and metastasis by changing the expression of Actg2, Myh11, and Pdlim3 genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5147-5159
Number of pages13
JournalOncogene
Volume41
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 25 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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