Multiblock reducible copolypeptides containing histidine-rich and nuclear localization sequences for gene delivery

Devika Soundara Manickam, David Oupický

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polyplexes sensitive to redox potential gradients represent promising gene delivery vectors. High molecular weight polypeptides containing disulfide bonds in the backbone were synthesized by an oxidative copolymerization of a histidine-rich peptide (HRP) and a nuclear localization sequence (NLS) peptide. The synthetic approach allowed an easy synthesis of reducible copolypeptides (rCPP) with different relative contents of the HRP and NLS sequences. Cytotoxicity and transfection activity of rCPP-based DNA polyplexes were evaluated in vitro. In comparison with control polyethylenimine (PEI), only minimum toxic effects of rCPPs were observed on the metabolic activity and membrane integrity of human endothelial cells. These findings are predominantly ascribed to favorable structural features like lower charge density and higher chain rigidity of the rCPPs compared to PEI and also to a reductive intracellular and plasma membrane degradation. Transfection activity in all tested cell lines increased with increasing content of the HRP sequence in the rCPPs, while no clearly measurable effect of the NLS sequence was found.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1395-1403
Number of pages9
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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