Multicenter Study of Risk-Adapted Therapy with Dose-Adjusted EPOCH-R in Adults with Untreated Burkitt Lymphoma

Mark Roschewski, Kieron Dunleavy, Jeremy S. Abramson, Bayard L. Powell, Brian K. Link, Prapti Patel, Philip J. Bierman, Deepa Jagadeesh, Ronald T. Mitsuyasu, David Peace, Peter R. Watson, Wahid T. Hanna, Christopher Melani, Andrea N. Lucas, Seth M. Steinberg, Stefania Pittaluga, Elaine S. Jaffe, Jonathan W. Friedberg, Brad S. Kahl, Richard F. LittleNancy L. Bartlett, Michelle A. Fanale, Ariela Noy, Wyndham H. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE Burkitt lymphoma is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma curable with dose-intensive chemotherapy derived from pediatric leukemia regimens. Treatment is acutely toxic with late sequelae. We hypothesized that dose-adjusted etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone, and rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) may obviate the need for highly dose-intensive chemotherapy in adults with Burkitt lymphoma. METHODS We conducted a multicenter risk-adapted study of DA-EPOCH-R in untreated adult Burkitt lymphoma. Low-risk patients received three cycles without CNS prophylaxis, and high-risk patients received six cycles with intrathecal CNS prophylaxis or extended intrathecal treatment if leptomeninges were involved. The primary endpoint was event-free survival (EFS), and secondary endpoints were toxicity and predictors of EFS and overall survival (OS). RESULTS Between 2010 and 2017, 113 patients were enrolled across 22 centers, and 98 (87%) were high risk. The median age was 49 (range, 18-86) years, and 62% were $ 40 years. Bone marrow and/or CSF was involved in 29 (26%) of patients, and 28 (25%) were HIV positive. At a median follow-up of 58.7 months, EFS and OS were 84.5% and 87.0%, respectively, and EFS was 100% and 82.1% in low- and high-risk patients. Therapy was equally effective across age groups, HIV status, and International Prognostic Index risk groups. Involvement of the CSF identified the group at greatest risk for early toxicity-related death or treatment failure. Five treatment-related deaths (4%) occurred during therapy. Febrile neutropenia occurred in 16% of cycles, and tumor lysis syndrome was rare. CONCLUSION Risk-adapted DA-EPOCH-R therapy is effective in adult Burkitt lymphoma regardless of age or HIV status and was well tolerated. Improved therapeutic strategies for adults with CSF involvement are needed (funded by the National Cancer Institute; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01092182).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2519-2529
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume38
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - May 26 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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