Multichannel fiber-optic silicon fabry–pérot interferometric bolometer system for plasma radiation measurements

Nezam Uddin, Qiwen Sheng, Seungsup Lee, Matthew L. Reinke, David Donovan, Morgan Shafer, Ming Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A single-channel fiber-optic bolometer system based on a high-finesse silicon Fabry– Pérot interferometer (FPI) was previously reported, intended to measure plasma radiation from the magnetically confined fusion chamber. Recently, we developed a multichannel fiber-optic bolometer system with five bolometers multiplexed using a coarse wavelength division multiplexer (CWDM) and interrogated with a white-light system involving a superluminescent light-emission diode source and a high-speed spectrometer. One of the bolometers was used as the reference bolometer to compensate for the ambient temperature variations, and the other four bolometers were used for radiation measurement. The bolometers have a simple structure with a silicon pillar at the end of the single-mode fiber and a gold disk on the other side of the silicon pillar. They are also easy to fabricate without stringent requirements on the optical alignment. Analysis of the system optimization was performed to improve the noise performance and to mitigate the vibration effect that may present in the practical application. The system had a significantly enhanced measurement range compared to the previous high-finesse FPI bolometer system for measuring radiation. Test results performed in air using a 405 nm laser as the radiation source showed that the temperature resolution and the noise-equivalent power density of the sensing bolometers connected to each channel of the CWDM were, respectively, ~0.4 mK and ~0.1 W/m2, with a time constant of ~220 ms, which is comparable to the previous more complicated fiber-optic bolometer systems based on high-finesse FPIs that were interrogated using wavelength-scanning lasers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number344
JournalPhotonics
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bolometer
  • Fabry–Pérot interferometer
  • Lasers
  • Plasma radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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