Multimeasure Pain Assessment in an Ethnically Diverse Group of Patients with Cancer

Lois Ramer, Jean L. Richardson, Marlene Zichi Cohen, Cadena Bedney, Kathleen Lackerdas Danley, Emelyn A. Judge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


The purposes of this study were (a) to describe the relationship between pain perception and ethnic identity and socioeconomic status, (b) to evaluate the intercorrelations between pain measures in different ethnic groups, and (c) to determine whether ethnicity or socioeconomic status influences patient's pain control beliefs and satisfaction with the pain management provided. The sample consisted of 51 English-Korean-or Spanish-speaking participants experiencing cancer pain who were 18 years and older and were having a Karnofsky score of no less than 30. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Memorial Pain Scale (MPS), and Face Scale (FS) were used to measure pain perception. In all pain analyses, Hispanics, African Americans, and Anglos did not differ significantly. The data suggest that the pain scales used in this study are appropriate for use in a multicultural population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-101
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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