Multiple sclerosis influences the precision of the ankle plantarflexon muscular force production

David J. Arpin, Brenda L. Davies, Max J. Kurz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Objective: To quantify the precision of the steady-state isometric control of the ankle plantarflexors musculature of individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), and to evaluate if the precision is related to the mobility impairments. Methods: Individuals with MS and healthy adults performed a submaximal steady-state isometric contraction with the ankle plantarflexors. The coefficient of variation was used to assess the amount of variability or error in the precision of the torques generated by the ankle plantarflexor musculature. The participants also walked across a digital mat at their preferred and fast-as-possible walking speeds, which recorded their spatiotemporal gait kinematics. Results: The individuals with MS: (1) had reduced maximal voluntary torques at the ankle, (2) a greater amount of variability in the precision of the isometric ankle torques, (3) altered and more variable spatiotemporal gait kinematics, and (4) a greater amount of variability in the isometric ankle torques were related to a slower walking speed and cadence, shorter step length and a greater amount of gait variability. Conclusions: These results further fuels the impression that a reduction in control of the ankle joint musculature may be a key factor in the mobility and balance impairments seen in individuals with MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-174
Number of pages5
JournalGait and Posture
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • Gait
  • Isometric
  • Motor control
  • Variability
  • Walking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation


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