We have used a fluorescence-activated cytotoxicity protocol, 9-(1'- pyrene)nonanol (P9OH)/UV selection (Morand, O. H., Allen, L.-A. H., Zoeller, R. A., and Raetz, C. R. H. (1990) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1034, 132-141), to isolate a series of plasmalogen-deficient mutants in a murine, macrophage- like cell line, RAW 264.7. Three of these mutants, RAW.7, RAW.12, and RAW.108, displayed varying degrees of plasmalogen deficiency (48, 17, and 14% of wild-type levels, respectively), and all three mutants were deficient in peroxisomal dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) acyltransferase activity (5% of wild-type). Unlike previously described Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell mutants, the RAW mutants contained intact, functional, peroxisomes and normal levels of alkyl-DHAP synthase activity, a peroxisomal, membrane-bound enzyme. In RAW.7 and RAW.108 cells, the loss of peroxisomal DHAP acyltransferase is the primary lesion. RAW.12 displayed not only a deficiency in the DHAP acyltransferase activity, but also displayed a second lesion in the biosynthetic pathway, a deficiency in Δ1'-desaturase activity (plasmanylethanolamine desaturase, EC 220.127.116.11), the final step in plasmenylethanolamine biosynthesis. The deficiencies expressed in the mutants represent unique lesions in plasmalogen biosynthesis. Since the RAW cell line is a macrophage-like responsive cell line, these mutants can be used to examine the role of plasmalogens in cellular functions such as arachidonic acid metabolism, prostaglandin synthesis, protein secretion, and signal transduction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology