Mutations in the first MyTH4 domain of MY015A are a common cause of DFNB3 hearing loss

A. Eliot Shearer, Michael S. Hildebrand, Jennifer A. Webster, Kimia Kahrizi, Nicole C. Meyer, Khadijeh Jalalvand, Sanaz Arzhanginy, William J. Kimberling, Dietrich Stephan, Melanie Bahlo, Richard J.H. Smith, Hossein Najmabadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To use clinical and genetic analyses to determine the mutation causing autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) segregating in two consanguineous Iranian families. Study Design. Family study. Methods. Members of each family received otologic and audiometric examination for the type and extent of hearing loss. Linkage mapping using Affymetrix 50K GeneChips and short tandem repeat (STRP) analysis localized the hearing loss in both families to the DFNB3 locus. Direct sequencing of the MY015A gene was completed on affected members of both families. Results. Family L-3165 segregated a novel homozygous missense mutation (c.6371G>A) that results in a p.R2124Q amino acid substitution in the myosin XVa protein, while family L-896 segregated a novel homozygous missense (c.6555C>T) mutation resulting in a p.P2073S amino acid change. Conclusions. These are the first MY015A mutations reported to cause DFNB3 sensorineural hearing loss in the Iranian population. Like other mutations located in the myosin tail homology 4 (MyTH4) domain, the p.R2124Q and p.P2073S mutations are predicted to disrupt the function of the myosin XVa protein, which is integral to the mechanosensory activity of hair cells in the inner ear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)727-733
Number of pages7
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume119
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2009

Keywords

  • DFNB3
  • MY015A gene
  • Missense mutation
  • MyTH4 domain
  • Myosin 15a protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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    Shearer, A. E., Hildebrand, M. S., Webster, J. A., Kahrizi, K., Meyer, N. C., Jalalvand, K., Arzhanginy, S., Kimberling, W. J., Stephan, D., Bahlo, M., Smith, R. J. H., & Najmabadi, H. (2009). Mutations in the first MyTH4 domain of MY015A are a common cause of DFNB3 hearing loss. Laryngoscope, 119(4), 727-733. https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.20116