Myocardial infarction remodeling that progresses to heart failure: A signaling misunderstanding

Alan J. Mouton, Osvaldo J. Rivera, Merry L. Lindsey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


After myocardial infarction, remodeling of the left ventricle involves a wound-healing orchestra involving a variety of cell types. In order for wound healing to be optimal, appropriate communication must occur; these cells all need to come in at the right time, be activated at the right time in the right amount, and know when to exit at the right time. When this occurs, a new homeostasis is obtained within the infarct, such that infarct scar size and quality are sufficient to maintain left ventricular size and shape. The ideal scenario does not always occur in reality. Often, miscommunication can occur between infarct and remote spaces, across the temporal wound-healing spectrum, and across organs. When miscommunication occurs, adverse remodeling can progress to heart failure. This review discusses current knowledge gaps and recent development of the roles of inflammation and the extracellular matrix in myocardial infarction remodeling. In particular, the macrophage is one cell type that provides direct and indirect regulation of both the inflammatory and scar-forming responses. We summarize current research efforts focused on identifying biomarker indicators that reflect the status of each component of the wound-healing process to better predict outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H71-H79
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Extracellular matrix
  • Fibroblast
  • Inflammation
  • Macrophage
  • Proteomics
  • Scar
  • Systems biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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