Nanomaterials for environmental burden reduction, waste treatment, and nonpoint source pollution control: A review

Guobin Shan, Rao Y. Surampalli, Rajeshwar D. Tyagi, Tian C. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanomaterials are applicable in the areas of reduction of environmental burden, reduction/treatment of industrial and agricultural wastes, and nonpoint source (NPS) pollution control. First, environmental burden reduction involves green process and engineering, emissions control, desulfurization/denitrification of nonrenewable energy sources, and improvement of agriculture and food systems. Second, reduction/treatment of industrial and agricultural wastes involves converting wastes into products, groundwater remediation, adsorption, delaying photocatalysis, and nanomembranes. Third, NPS pollution control involves controlling water pollution. Nanomaterials alter physical properties on a nanoscale due to their high specific surface area to volume ratio. They are used as catalysts, adsorbents, membranes, and additives to increase activity and capability due to their high specific surface areas and nano-sized effects. Thus, nanomaterials are more effective at treating environmental wastes because they reduce the amount of material needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-264
Number of pages16
JournalFrontiers of Environmental Science and Engineering in China
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009

Keywords

  • Agricultural
  • Environmental burden reduction
  • Industrial
  • Nanomaterials
  • Non-point source pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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