Nanoparticle Delivery of Novel PDE4B Inhibitor for the Treatment of Alcoholic Liver Disease

Jingyi Ma, Virender Kumar, Ram I. Mahato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The incidence of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is increasing worldwide while no effective treatment has been approved. The progression of ALD has proven to be related to the upregulation of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) expression, and PDE4 inhibitors showed potential to improve ALD. However, the application of PDE4 inhibitors is limited by the gastrointestinal side effects due to PDE4D inhibition. Therefore, we used a novel PDE4B inhibitor KVA-D88 as the therapeutic for ALD treatment. KVA-D88 inhibited inflammatory response, promoted β-oxidation, increased the level of antioxidants in the hepatocytes, and suppressed hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation in vitro. To improve the solubility and availability in vivo, KVA-D88 was encapsulated into mPEG-b-P(CB-co-LA) nanoparticles (NPs) by solvent evaporation, with a mean particle size of 135 nm and drug loading of 4.2%. We fed the male C57BL/6 mice with a Lieber–DeCarli liquid diet containing 5% (v/v) ethanol for 6 weeks to induce ALD. Systemic administration of KVA-D88 free drug and KVA-D88-loaded NPs at 5 mg/kg significantly improved the ALD in mice. KVA-D88 significantly ameliorated alcohol-induced hepatic injury and inflammation. KVA-D88 also markedly reduced steatosis by promoting fatty acid β-oxidation. Liver fibrosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS)-caused cellular damage was observed to be alleviated by KVA-D88. KVA-D88-loaded NPs proved better efficacy than free drug in the animal study. In conclusion, the novel PDE4B inhibitor KVA-D88-loaded NPs have the potential to treat ALD in mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1894
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • alcoholic liver disease
  • nanoparticles
  • phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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