10 Scopus citations


Purpose: Negative surgical margins (NSMs) have favorable prognostic implications in breast tumor resection surgery. Fluorescence image-guided surgery (FIGS) has the ability to delineate surgical margins in real time, potentially improving the completeness of tumor resection. We have recently developed indocyanine green (ICG)-loaded self-assembled hyaluronic acid (HA) nanoparticles (NanoICG) for solid tumor imaging, which were shown to enhance intraoperative contrast. Procedures: This study sought to assess the efficacy of NanoICG on completeness of breast tumor resection and post-surgical survival. BALB/c mice bearing iRFP+/luciferase+ 4T1 syngeneic breast tumors were administered NanoICG or ICG, underwent FIGS, and were compared to bright light surgery (BLS) and sham controls. Results: NanoICG increased the number of complete resections and improved tumor-free survival. This was a product of improved intraoperative contrast enhancement and the identification of a greater number of small, occult lesions than ICG and BLS. Additionally, NanoICG identified chest wall invasion and predicted recurrence in a model of late-stage breast cancer. Conclusions: NanoICG is an efficacious intraoperative contrast agent and could potentially improve surgical outcomes in breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)891-903
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Imaging and Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020


  • Breast Cancer
  • Fluorescence image-guided surgery
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Indocyanine green
  • Nanoparticle
  • Near infrared fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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