Fluorescence spectroscopy is used in many life science and clinical research diagnostic assays. Improvements in the sensitivity and limit-of-detection of these assays may have profound implications. Here, we demonstrate a near-infrared, surface-enhanced fluorescence technology that increases the signal of IRDye 800CW-labeled streptavidin by up to 2,530-fold while improving the limit-of-detection 1,000-fold. Citrate-stabilized, silver nanoparticles that aggregate in solution were used with the dye-protein conjugate to form plasmon-active nanostructures. The technique is straightforward to implement and fully compatible with commercially available immunoassay instrumentation and consumables.
- Near-infrared fluorescence
- Silver nanoparticles
- Surface-enhanced fluorescence
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