The Cbl-family ubiquitin ligases function as negative regulators of activated receptor tyrosine kinases by facilitating their ubiquitination and subsequent targeting to lysosomes. Cbl associates with the lymphoid-restricted nonreceptor tyrosine kinase Lck, but the functional relevance of this interaction remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that T cell receptor and CD4 coligation on human T cells results in enhanced association between Cbl and Lck, together with Lck ubiquitination and degradation. A Cbl-/- T cell line showed a marked deficiency in Lck ubiquitination and increased levels of kinase-active Lck. Coexpression in 293T cells demonstrated that Lck kinase activity and Cbl ubiquitin ligase activity were essential for Lck ubiquitination and negative regulation of Lck-dependent serum response element-luciferase reporter activity. The Lck SH3 domain was pivotal for Cbl-Lck association and Cbl-mediated Lck degradation, with a smaller role for interactions mediated by the Cbl tyrosine kinase-binding domain. Finally, analysis of a ZAP-70-deficient T cell line revealed that Cbl inhibited Lck-dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase activation, and an intact Cbl RING finger domain was required for this functional effect. Our results demonstrate a direct, ubiquitination-dependent, negative regulatory role of Cbl for Lck in T cells, independent of Cbl-mediated regulation of ZAP-70.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Mar 19 2002|
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