Neighbourhood change among creative-cultural districts in mid-sized US metropolitan areas, 2000-10

Bradley Bereitschaft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Cities across the United States are experiencing a surge in urban residential development, particularly within the downtown core and other centrally located, historic, mixed-use urban neighbourhoods. Often situated in former warehouse districts or other ‘marginal’ areas, many of these neighbourhoods have been revalorized and reinvented as hubs of creative-cultural production and consumption. Through an examination of 102 US neighbourhoods in 70 mid-sized metropolitan areas, this article explores patterns in the physical form, geography, and recent demographic and socio-economic evolution of the ‘creative-cultural district’ (CCD). The results of this exploratory analysis suggest that over the previous decade (2000-10), the majority of CCDs attracted high-skill, high-wage creative-knowledge workers at a rate faster than their respective metropolitan areas. This ‘creative gentrification’ was also evident in rising residential populations, household income, education and rent. Rent increased faster than income in over half the surveyed neighbourhoods, suggesting that a widening deficit in affordable housing has accompanied growing consumer demand for vibrant urban neighbourhoods and associated arts/cultural/entertainment amenities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-183
Number of pages26
JournalRegional Studies, Regional Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2014


  • Creative city
  • Creative class
  • Creative gentrification
  • Cultural district
  • Gentrification
  • Neighbourhood change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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