Nematode biodiversity assessments need vouchered databases: A bold reference library for plant-parasitic nematodes in the superfamily criconematoidea

Thomas O. Powers, Timothy S. Harris, Rebecca S. Higgins, Peter G. Mullin, Kirsten S. Powers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nematodes are frequently cited as underrepresented in faunistic surveys using DNA barcoding with COI. This underrepresentation is generally attributed to a limited presence of nematodes in DNA databases which, in turn, is often ascribed to structural variability and high evolutionary rates in nematode mitochondrial genomes. Empirical evidence, however, indicates that many taxa are readily amplified with primer sets specifically targeted to different nematode families. Here we report the development of a COI reference library of 1726 specimens in the terrestrial plant parasitic nematode superfamily Criconematoidea. Specimens collected during an ecoregion survey of North America were individually photographed, measured, and PCR amplified to produce a 721 bp region of COI for taxonomic analysis. A neighbor-joining tree structured the dataset into 179 haplotype groups that generally conformed to morphospecies in traditional analysis or Barcode Index Numbers (BINs) in the BOLD system, although absent formal BIN membership due to insufficient overlap with the Folmer region of COI. Approximately one-third of the haplotype groups could be associated with previously described species. The geographic distribution of criconematid nematode species suggests a structure influenced by the major habitat types in the United States and Canada. All sequences collected in the ecoregion survey are deposited in BOLD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-241
Number of pages10
JournalGenome
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • DNA barcoding
  • Nematoda
  • Species distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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