Neonatal nurse practitioner job satisfaction, workforce environment, and mental well-being

Barbara Snapp, Elizabeth Welch McCutchon, Tiffany A. Moore, Dedra Teel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:Increased demand for nurse practitioners emphasizes the importance of consistent and ongoing collection of data to provide a better understanding of the NNP workforce and to promote retention and recruitment of NNPs.Purpose:To understand how work environment and work hours influence job or career satisfaction.Methodology:The National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners in collaboration with the National Certification Corporation emailed an online survey to all 6,558 certified neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs) in 2020 with 845 (12.8%) responding. Subjects included those with responsibilities in direct patient care, transport NPs, faculty/directors, and advanced practice registered nurse coordinators/managers/administrators.Results:Satisfaction with career choice as an NNP was reported as very satisfied by 58% (n = 493) and mostly satisfied by 37% (n = 310). Satisfaction with current job as an NNP was reported as very satisfied for 30% (n = 252), with 51% being mostly satisfied (n = 435). Age influenced satisfaction scores, with NNPs aged 61 years or older having a higher mean score than NNPs aged 31-40 years (p =.041). The majority of NNPs did not use all of their available paid time off (72%; n = 609) and respondents worked an additional 248 extra hours per year. NNPs experience bullying (58%) and/or lateral violence (32%). Seventeen percent have called in sick for mental health reasons (n = 147).Conclusions:Neonatal nurse practitioners' satisfaction is multifactorial. Those who reported taking time off for self-prescribed mental health indicated less job satisfaction, more work hours, poor work/life balance, and a less-than-optimum work environment.Implications:Overall, NNPs are satisfied with their career choice but are less satisfied with their job choice. Understanding factors that influence mental well-being and job satisfaction will improve recruitment and retention of nurse practitioners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1058-1065
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 6 2022

Keywords

  • Bullying
  • burnout
  • job satisfaction
  • mental health
  • nurse practitioner
  • sick time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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