Neural Glyoxalase Pathway Enhancement by Morin Derivatives in an Alzheimer's Disease Model

Joel Frandsen, Seoung Ryoung Choi, Prabagaran Narayanasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The glyoxalase pathway (GP) is an antioxidant defense system that detoxifies metabolic byproduct methylglyoxal (MG). Through sequential reactions, reduced glutathione (GSH), glyoxalase I (glo-1), and glyoxalase II (glo-2) convert MG into d-lactate. Spontaneous reactions involving MG alter the structure and function of cellular macromolecules through the formation of inflammatory advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs). Accumulation of MG and AGEs in neural cells contributes to oxidative stress (OS), a state of elevated inflammation commonly found in neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Morin is a common plant-produced flavonoid polyphenol that exhibits the ability to enhance the GP-mediated detoxification of MG. We hypothesize that structural modifications to morin will improve its inherent GP enhancing ability. Here we synthesized a morin derivative, dibromo-morin (DBM), formulated a morin encapsulated nanoparticle (MNP), and examined their efficacy in enhancing neural GP activity. Cultured mouse primary cerebellar neurons and Caenorhabditis elegans were induced to a state of OS with MG and treated with morin, DBM, and MNP. Results indicated the morin derivatives were more effective compared to the parent compound in neural GP enhancement and preventing MG-mediated OS in an AD model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-366
Number of pages11
JournalACS Chemical Neuroscience
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 5 2020

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Glyoxalase
  • aging
  • brain
  • flavonoid
  • methylglyoxal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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