Neuroimaging of psychopathy and antisocial behavior: A targeted review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

141 Scopus citations

Abstract

The goal of this article is to provide a selective and targeted review of the neuroimaging literature on psychopathic tendencies and antisocial behavior and to explore the extent to which this literature supports recent cognitive neuroscientific models of psychopathy and antisocial behavior. The literature reveals that individuals who present with an increased risk for reactive, but not instrumental, aggression show increased amygdala responses to emotionally evocative stimuli. This is consistent with suggestions that such individuals are primed to respond strongly to an inappropriate extent to threatening or frustrating events. In contrast, individuals with psychopathic tendencies show decreased amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex responses to emotionally provocative stimuli or during emotional learning paradigms. This is consistent with suggestions that such individuals face difficulties with basic forms of emotional learning and decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-82
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent psychiatry reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Instrumental aggression
  • Orbital frontal cortex
  • Psychopathy
  • Reactive aggression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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