Neuroplastin 65 deficiency reduces amyloid plaque formation and cognitive deficits in an Alzheimer’s disease mouse model

Dan Dan Wu, Jie Cheng, Ya Ni Zheng, Yu Tong Liu, Shuang Xin Hou, Li Fen Liu, Liang Huang, Qiong Lan Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by increasing cognitive dysfunction, progressive cerebral amyloid beta (Aβ) deposition, and neurofibrillary tangle aggregation. However, the molecular mechanisms of AD pathologies have not been completely understood. As synaptic glycoprotein neuroplastin 65 (NP65) is related with synaptic plasticity and complex molecular events underlying learning and memory, we hypothesized that NP65 would be involved in cognitive dysfunction and Aβ plaque formation of AD. For this purpose, we examined the role of NP65 in the transgenic amyloid precursor protein (APP)/presenilin 1 (PS1) mouse model of AD. Methods: Neuroplastin 65-knockout (NP65–/–) mice crossed with APP/PS1 mice to get the NP65-deficient APP/PS1 mice. In the present study, a separate cohort of NP65-deficient APP/PS1 mice were used. First, the cognitive behaviors of NP65-deficient APP/PS1 mice were assessed. Then, Aβ plaque burden and Aβ levels in NP65-deficient APP/PS1 mice were measured by immunostaining and western blot as well as ELISA. Thirdly, immunostaining and western blot were used to evaluate the glial response and neuroinflammation. Finally, protein levels of 5-hydroxytryptamin (serotonin) receptor 3A and synaptic proteins and neurons were measured. Results: We found that loss of NP65 alleviated the cognitive deficits of APP/PS1 mice. In addition, Aβ plaque burden and Aβ levels were significantly reduced in NP65-deficient APP/PS1 mice compared with control animals. NP65-loss in APP/PS1 mice resulted in a decrease in glial activation and the levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-4) as well as protective matrix YM-1 and Arg-1, but had no effect on microglial phenotype. Moreover, NP65 deficiency significantly reversed the increase in 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 3A (Htr3A) expression levels in the hippocampus of APP/PS1 mice. Discussion: These findings identify a previously unrecognized role of NP65 in cognitive deficits and Aβ formation of APP/PS1 mice, and suggest that NP65 may serve as a potential therapeutic target for AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1129773
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Volume17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3A subunit
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • amyloid plaques
  • glial activation
  • neuroinflammation
  • neuroplastin 65

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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