Neurosurgical complications of pediatric orthotopic liver transplantation

John R. Mawk, Byers W. Shaw, R. Patrick Wood, Laurel Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liver transplantation is the only definitive treatment of end-stage liver disease. The University of Nebraska began its hepatic transplantation program in July 1985. Since that time, 43 children and 48 adults have undergone orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTx) with survival rates to date of 79.1% and 79.2%, respectively. Eight children developed complications of neurosurgical interest (18.6% incidence). Hemorrhagic complications were the most frequent. Neurosurgical salvage was achieved in five patients, but delayed complications of the transplant caused the death of two of these children. Two survivors are functioning well at home and in kindergarten, one child is doing well but is still hospitalized, and one child is vegetative. Aggressive management of life-threatening CNS problems is thus appropriate in this population. The authors review the pathophysiology of these complications, as well as potential pitfalls in their management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-29
Number of pages4
JournalChild's Nervous System
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1988
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Fungal brain abscess
  • Hemorrhagic infarction
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Liver transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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